The seed of safflower can be used for oil (30-50% content) and to curdle milk, the plant as forage, the flower as a saffron substitute (color, not so much for flavor) and as a yellow, red or orange clothing dye, and the meal as a high protien (up to 36%) supplement for poultry (side note, higher protien is good for times of molt & for game birds). Young shoots can be eaten.
Growing days to maturity are 110-130 days. It doesn't like frost and high temperatures at the wrong time can affect seed production. It likes loamy soil, not sand, not clay, and not wet conditions. It's tap root grows down to 10'. It can withstand drought. It does not compete well with perennial weeds such as Russian thistle.
Squirrels raccoons and deer do not like the seed.
The oil is used medicinally and has many benefits.
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